All treats on this page should be considered as candy to your rabbits. They are delightful to your rabbit but provide no significant useful nutritional content and increase the amount of calories and fat in the diet. If overdone, they may cause digestive upsets. Most rabbits can tolerate treats in small amounts. You have the option of never feeding any of the food listed on this page if you wish and stick with pellets, fresh herbs, and vegetables as treats -- a much healthier alternative. This page only hopes to consolidate all foods that are safe if fed occasionally and in very small amounts.
Remember, while these are not necessarily immediately deadly to your bun, treats may cause long term health problems if fed too often because of wrong flora developing in their gut (dysbiosis). Consider the activity level of your rabbit to adjust treat amounts appropriately to prevent obesity. Stop treats immediately if you notice any diarrhea. Also, take a look at the ingredients in your pellets before deciding what additional treats to feed your rabbit.
Each of the feeding recommendations below are based on daily consumption of only one type of treat. If you decide to feed multiple types, feed less of each. Omit the following treats if your rabbit is overweight.
Fresh fruits are a better alternative as treats to rabbits than most commercial brands. In the wild, these would be special high calorie foods obtained only at certain times of the year. Fruits should be no more then 10% of the diet or about 1/2 teaspoon per pound of body weight per day. Because these are high in natural sugars, it is important to limit their consumption no matter how much your bun begs for more. Acute episodes of GI stasis and dysbiosis are common following ingestion of a large volume of fruit.
Do not feed any to rabbits under 12 weeks of age. Stop fruit treats if there are any signs of GI upset and/or diarrhea. Leave the skin on fruits for more nutrition unless otherwise noted or you are worried about chemicals. Also, do not feed any cooked items or fruit seeds and pits unless otherwise noted.
- Apple (any variety) - remove the core with stem and seeds
- Banana - remove the peel; no more then about 2 1/8 inch slices a day for a 5lb rabbit
- Blackberries + leaves
- Blueberries + heath
- Cherries (any variety)
- Cowberries + heath
- Cranberries (fresh or dried)
- Grapefruit - can include peel
- Lemons - can include peel
- Melons (any) - can include peel and seeds
- Orange (any) - can include peel
- Pear - remove the seeds
- Pineapple - remove skin
- Prickly pear - remove small spines at base of pads.
- Raspberries + leaves
- Star Fruit
- Strawberries + leaves
Below are some links with more information about safe fruit treats to feed your rabbit.
- Kathy Smith, Fruit Treats
See Fruit and Vegetable Nutrient Data for more information about the nutrition content of fruits.
In the wild, rabbits do not normally eat large amounts of grain, except for certain seasons.
If your rabbit has digestive problems, do not feed any grain treats as starch that is not digested and absorbed in the small intestine can pass into the cecum as a substrate for bacterial fermentation and may cause GI stasis and even enterotoxemia.
If you decide to continue to feed these foods to your bun, heed the following advice. Do not feed any to rabbits under 12 weeks. They should also not be fed to obese rabbits. Rabbits may have no more than 1/2 teaspoon per pound of body weight per day.
Some safe treats are the following:
- Rolled oats or barley
- Unsugared whole-grain cereals such as Corn Chex, Cheerios, and bite-sized Shredded Wheat
- Dried whole-grain bread and whole-grain crackers
A table of appropriate cereal treat feedings has been obtained from the Colorado House Rabbit Society.
|Rice Crispies||1 tsp||2 tsp||4 tsp|
Seeds are very high in fatty oils and are usually only eaten by wintering animals. As a result, seeds should be fed very rarely. Do not feed at all if your rabbit is overweight.
Be warned that
Rabbits appear to be more sensitive to fat than are humans, and in addition to obesity, the excess fat can accumulate in your rabbit's liver and arteries (atherosclerosis). Veterinarians have reported that rabbits fed seed-rich diets have a much higher incidence of fatty liver disease (hepatic steatosis), which is often fatal.
If you decide to feed seeds, the following types of seeds are safe.
- Flax (linseed)
- Melon (e.g. watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew)
- Pine nuts
Dried seeds (pulses) such as locust bean seeds or dried peas or sweet corn and very small seeds like milo can be the exact dimension to block the pylorus and small intestine to cause a serious blockage and should not be fed to rabbits.:325:111 Rabbits with dental problems are prone to swallowing such ingredients whole.:325
Make sure that these seeds are unsalted. Feed no more than a small pinch of seeds a day to prevent weight gain. Make sure that the seeds are part of a balanced diet with plenty of hay and vegetables. You may wish to hull the seeds since the shell is indigestible, but the hulls also provide lots of fiber for a rabbit.
Below are some relevant discussions about feeding seeds to rabbits.
- RabbitsOnline, Can rabbits eat bird seed?
Most nuts are high in unsaturated fat as well as vitamin E, potassium, magnesium, and arginine, and may be appropriate for underweight or elderly rabbits or rabbits with dry skin and poor coats.:49 Do not feed any nuts if your rabbit is overweight.
The following types of nuts are rabbit-safe.
Make sure that these nuts are part of a balanced diet with plenty of hay and vegetables, and feed no more than a few pieces a day to prevent weight gain.
We do not recommend feeding any dairy treats such as yogurt drops to rabbits as treats. Rabbits are strict vegans in the wild and never have access to milk and other dairy products.
Adult rabbits do not naturally have the right bacteria to process dairy in their cecum and intestines and can consequently accelerate the onset of GI stasis in the absence of the bacteria. These yogurt treats are also extremely high in sugar content.
However, MediRabbit does note, 
Yogurt diluted in water can nevertheless help rabbit suffering from intestinal bacterial disturbances et diarrhea, by protecting the endemic bacterial flora and allowing it to grow.
- House Rabbit Society, Brenda's Homemade Bunny Biscuits
- wikiHow, How to Make a Rabbit Treat
- herban lifestyle, How to Make Organic Bunny Treats
- RabbitsOnline, Baking for Your Bunny
- LiveJournal, craftybeaver, Homemade Rabbit Treats
Online rabbit treat stores
- ElvisParsleyStore (US) - dried willow, fruits, and roses
- Nibbly Edibles (US) - dried organic herbs and supplements
- TheWellKeptRabbit (US)
- BunnyBunBakery (US)
- BinkyBunny, Treats (US)
- BunSpace (US)
- Napoleon Bunnyparte, Organic rabbit treats (US & Canada)
- MoSuKi Bunny Shop (Australia)
- Saving Thumpers (Australia)
- Frances Harcourt-Brown, Are sugars and starches dangerous for rabbits?
- House Rabbit Society, FAQ: Treat Foods
- Colorado House Rabbit Society, Treats for Rabbits
- Wisconsin House Rabbit Society, Rabbit Treat Foods: Facts and Fallacies
- House Rabbit Network, Calvin's Care Corner- Rabbit Treats
- Nancy J. LaRoche, Diet Details
- Ontario Rabbit Education Organization, Treats
- Kathy Smith, Treats to Avoid
- House Rabbit Society, Suggested Vegetables and Fruits for a Rabbit Diet
- LaRoche, N. (2012). Diet Details. Retrieved 26 August 2015 from http://coloradohrs.org/diet-details/ Diet Details
- Varga, M. (2013). Textbook of rabbit medicine. (2nd ed.).
- San Diego House Rabbit Society, Suggested Fruits
- Kathy Smith, Fruit Treats
- kanin.org, Rabbit-safe fruits and berries
- MediRabbit, Camilla Bergstrøm, Feeding the house rabbit 4: Fruit and Berries
- Michigan Humane Society, MHS Rabbit Care
- RabbitTalk. (2012). Prickly Pear Cactus - Opuntia sp? Retrieved 5 April 2016 from http://rabbittalk.com/prickly-pear-cactus-opuntia-sp-t10352.html
- Ruiz-Feria, C.A., Lukefahr, S.D., and Felker, P. (1998). Evaluation of Leucaena leucocephala and cactus (Opuntia sp.) as forages for growing rabbits. Retrieved 5 April 2016 from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd10/2/luke102.htm
- House Rabbit Society, Elizabeth Te Selle, Natural Nutrition Part I: The Importance of Fiber
- House Rabbit Society. (2011). Treat Foods. Retrieved 19 August 2015 from http://rabbit.org/faq-treat-foods/.
- Moore, L. (2017). Rabbit nutrition and nutritional healing. (3rd ed.).
- Sherwood Forest Natural Rabbit Food. (n.d.). Can Rabbits Eat Sunflower Seeds? Retrieved 30 March 2016 from http://www.naturalrabbitfood.com/can-rabbits-eat-sunflower-seeds/
- Harcourt-Brown, F. (n.d.). Sunflower seeds. Retrieved 30 March 2016 from https://www.harcourt-brown.co.uk/media/diet/sunflower-seeds/view
- MediRabbit.com. (n.d.). Can rabbits eat yogurt or dairy products? Retrieved 30 March 2016 from http://www.medirabbit.com/EN/GI_diseases/Food/yogurt.htm
- MediRabbit.com (n.d.). Corneal lipidosis or lipid deposit in the cornea of rabbits. Retrieved 30 Oct 2017 from http://www.medirabbit.com/EN/Eye_diseases/Disorder/Lipid/Lipid_en.htm