Colibacillosis refers to an infection caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli, better known as E. coli. Another popular form of the disease in the intestinal tract for rabbits is known as coliform enteritis.
E. coli is usually absent in the intestinal flora of rabbits or is only present in small numbers, but some pathogenic strains can proliferate and cause diarrhea.:342 These groups of pathogenic E. coli include the following::342
- Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC)
- Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)
- Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)
- Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)
- Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC)
- Diarrhoea-associated E. coli (DHEC)
- Cytolethal descending toxin (CDT-) producing E. coli.
Young suckling rabbits appear to be most susceptible to the disease.:342
Mild cases can be treated symptomatically with fluid therapy, supportive feeding, and antibiotics.:342
- Vetstream, Colibacillosis
- Merck's Veterinary Manual, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases of Rabbits > Colibacillosis
- Nutrifax, Enteric Diseases in Rabbits
- Wildpro, Colibacillosis
- Diseases of Research Animals - DORA, Colibacillosis (Graphic)
- Varga, M. (2013). Textbook of rabbit medicine. (2nd ed.).