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Dysbiosis is the condition that results when the natural flora of the gut are thrown out of balance. When used for rabbits, it usually means that harmful bacteria out-compete the "good" bacteria in the digestive tract or certain types of "good" bacteria are too proliferate.[1]:76

E. coli routinely proliferates in any rabbit with dysbiosis.[2]:199


  • pain
  • watery or mucoid diarrhea
  • lethargy
  • hypothermia
  • shock


Common causes of dysbiosis in the rabbit include the following:[2]:193,198-199[1]:76

  • A carbohydrate-rich diet or too many high-carbohydrate, high-fat treats fed at once.
  • Inappropriate antibiotic therapy. (e.g. clindamycin, lincomycin, ampicillin, amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cephalosporins, many penicillins, and erythromycin)
  • Bacterial (e.g. Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Campylobacter)

See also